Different breeds of guinea pigs are distinguished by their fur, color and built. Regardless of breed, any guinea pig will, of course, make a suitable pet because of its gentle temperament. Learning about the different breeds of guinea pigs will help us appreciate our pet better. And if you intend to become a breeder, then this information will be vital to your trade.
There are 13 breeds of guinea pigs that are recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association(ARBA) in the US. We'll take a quick look at the outstanding features of each one:
1. American or English Cavy. This breed of guinea pig is the most common one that you will find. The English cavy has a smooth and short coat that lies sleek and flat across its body. It can come in various colors and various color combinations. Another outstanding feature of this cavy is the Roman nose, which is wide and curvy.
2. American Satin. Similar in built and appearance to the American cavy in appearance, but this breed has a finer and denser coat that has a glossy sheen to it, similar to satin.
3. Abyssinian Cavy. This breed of guinea pig is characterized by swirls of fur in its body radiating from the center out, called rosettes, that is found in many different points in the cavy's body. The fur of this guinea pig may come in various colors and color combinations and it's quite dense and coarse.
4. Abyssinian Satin. Similar in built and appearance tot eh Abyssinian cavy, but with coat that has a deeper and glossier shine.
5. Peruvian Cavy. This is the first long haired breed that is recognized by the ARBA. It's got long fur that can grow up to a foot long. The fur on top of the head falls over the face. Because of its long coat, it is a bit of a challenge to groom and care for Peruvian cavies.
6. Peruvian Satin. The peruvian satin looks a lot like the peruvian cavy and share similar traits. The distinguishing feature of the peruvian satin from the peruvian cavy is the glossier fur.
7. Coronet. The coronet cavy is another long-haired breed of guinea pig. Just like the English cavy, it has a roman nose. And just like the Abyssinian cavy, it also has a rosette, only it has just one rosette at the top of the head. The hair radiating out of the solitary rosette is long, going all the way to its rump and does not naturally part.
8. White Crested Cavy. The white crested cavy is distinguished by a short, white rosette on top of its head. Except for this crest, there should be no other white color on it. This cavy has short fur and may come in a variety of colors.
9. Silkie. From its name you can tell that this guinea pig breed has a silky and long mane. And it does. But unlike the Peruvian cavy, there is no hair that sweeps over the face. Instead, the long fur starts from the back of the head and sweeps back. The fur of the Silkie cavy is softer and finer and needs a lot of grooming to keep clean and tangle free.
10. Silkie Satin. The silkie satin cavy carries the same feature as the silkie cavy, but the silkie satin has a glossier "silkier" coat.
11. Teddy Cavy. Just like the American cavy in size and built, the Teddy cavy also features a roman nose. This short haired breed of guinea pig has a wiry dense coat, and wiry whiskers, too.
12. Teddy Satin. This kinky, short haired teddy cavy has a glossier coat. With this exception, it shares the same features as the Teddy cavy.
13. Texel. This cute guinea pig has a short and compact body. It's hair is long and curly, giving it a very distinct appearance. Because of this quality of the fur, it takes a bit of an effort to keep the Texel well groomed at all times.